An introduction to epidemiology

Epidemiology as defined by Last is “the study of the distribution and determinants of health-related states or events in specified populations and the application of this study to the prevention and control of health problems”. Traditional epidemiological studies include quantitative and qualitative study designs. Quantitative study designs include observational and interventional methodology. Observational methods describe associations that are already present at population (descriptive) or individual (analytical) level. Although they form the mainstay of epidemiological studies, observational methods are prone to bias and confounding. These can be dealt with by various means involving both the study design and statistical analysis. Interventional methods involve changing variables in one or more groups of people and comparing outcomes between those with the changed and unchanged variable …

C Hajat – Genetic Epidemiology, 2011
Publication date
Genetic Epidemiology
Humana Press
Total citations
Cited by 16

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