Clustering and healthcare costs with multiple chronic conditions in a US cross-sectional study

ObjectiveTo investigate healthcare costs and contributors to costs for multiple chronic conditions (MCCs), common clusters of conditions and their impact on cost and utilisation.MethodsThis was a cross-sectional analysis of US financial claims data representative of the US population, including Medicare, Medicaid and Commercial insurance claims in 2015. Outcome measures included healthcare costs and contributors; ranking of clusters of conditions according to frequency, strength of association and unsupervised (k-means) analysis; the impact of clustering on costs and contributors to costs.ResultsOf 1,878,951 patients, 931,045(49.6%) had MCCs, 56.5% weighted to the US population. Mean age was 53.0 years(SD16.7); 393,121(42.20%) were male. Mean annual healthcare spending was $12,601, ranging from $4,385 (2 conditions) to $33,874 (11 conditions), with spending increasing by 22-fold for inpatient services, 6-fold for outpatient services, 4.5-fold for generic drugs and 4.2-fold for branded drugs.Cluster ranking using the 3 methodologies yielded similar results: highest ranked clusters included metabolic syndrome(12.2% of US insured patients), age related diseases(7.7%), renal failure(5.6%), respiratory disorders(4.5%), cardiovascular disease(CVD)(4.3%), cancers(4.1-4.3%), mental health-related clusters(1.0-1.5%) and HIV/AIDS(0.2%).Highest spending was in HIV/AIDS clusters ($48,293), mental health-related clusters ($38,952-$40,637), renal disease ($38,551) and CVD ($37,155); with 89.9% of spending on outpatient and inpatient care combined, and 10.1% on medication.Conclusion and RelevanceOver 57% of insured …

C Hajat, Y Siegal, A Adler-Waxman – medRxiv, 2020
Publication date
2020.08. 24.20179184
Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press
Total citations
Cited by 1

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